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Hearing Loss Test


What is a hearing test?

Hearing impairment is a medical condition that requires the evaluation and diagnosis by a medical doctor, preferably one who specializes in ear, nose and throat medicine, such as New York ENT. After an initial evaluation by a physician, an audiologist may also conduct a hearing test. These tests are performed to accurately diagnose the type and cause of hearing loss in a patient. There are two types of hearing loss that can occur, conductive hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss. Both of these can be diagnosed by an ear, nose, and throat doctor using one of the following hearing tests:

  • Audiometric examination
  • Electronystagmogram (ENG)
  • Electrocochleography (ESoG)

Why is a hearing test performed?

Hearing tests are performed to test a patient’s hearing, balance, and fluid pressure in the ear. All of these factors can be indicators for hearing loss as well as other hearing-related conditions, such as tinnitus and vertigo.

What does a hearing test involve?

Experiences will vary, depending on the testing needed for each patient’s particular needs, however, patients can generally expect to visit the doctor’s office and undergo a general physical examination prior to any specific hearing tests. Your doctor will also likely perform a medical history exam, by asking questions about your past conditions as well as your past and current symptoms relating to hearing. At New York ENT, our specialists include audiologists, who can conduct a hearing test during the same day. Some specific tests that may be performed include:

  • Audiometric examination is a standard hearing test, typically indicating sensory hearing loss. Patients are tested on their ability to distinguish differences between words that have only minor differences (such as “cat” and “hat”). Inability to differentiate between similar words usually indicates hearing loss.
  • ENG testing can be performed to evaluate a patient’s balance function, which often can indicate a hearing issue. The test involves an ENT doctor recording a patient’s eye movements as warm or cool water or air are introduced into each ear while in a darkened room. Eyes and ears work in coordination; therefore, the measurement of eye movements can be used to examine the balance system.
  • ESoG testing can be used to determine the amount of fluid in the ear, which may indicate hearing loss as well as other hearing and balance conditions.

After, your hearing test results will be thoroughly explained to you by one of our New York ENT doctors. If your hearing loss test determines that you will need further treatment, you can discuss treatment options for hearing loss with your doctor.

What are the advantages of undergoing a hearing test?

Hearing tests can help patients to determine the exact cause of hearing-related issues, as well as rule out any potentially serious conditions relating to ears, hearing and balance. Ear issues that go undiagnosed and untreated can escalate to become more serious health problems over time. Seeking advice from an ear, nose and throat doctor, such as New York ENT, at the first sign of a hearing problem can resolve the issue and prevent serious conditions from evolving.

If you believe you may be having hearing problems, the first step towards better hearing is to schedule an evaluation with an experienced ear, nose and throat doctor. Board certified physicians with New York ENT have extensive experience diagnosing and treating a wide variety of ear conditions. Fill out the form on this page or call our office at (212) 873-6168 to schedule an appointment today.

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