Adenoid Hypertrophy Symptoms & Causes

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What is adenoid hypertrophy?

Adenoid hypertrophy, also known as enlarged adenoids, is characterized by unusual growth of the adenoids (tissue at the back of the nasal passage), which can cause a complete nasal blockage. When airflow is not entirely blocked by the condition, it still may impair a person’s ability to breathe through the nose to the point of discomfort as well as affect the voice.

What causes adenoid hypertrophy / enlarged adenoids?

Adenoid hypertrophy can be a result of an infection in the adenoids. Like all lymphoid tissue, the adenoid tissue swells when infected. The tissue will usually act to fight the infection, but some viral or bacterial infections are severe enough to persist over long periods of time—sometimes years.

What are some enlarged adenoids symptoms?

Symptoms commonly associated with enlarged adenoids in adults include:

  • Trouble breathing through the nose
  • Snoring
  • Voice changes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Ongoing ear infections

How is adenoid hypertrophy diagnosed?

The best way to diagnose enlarged adenoids is by visiting an ear, nose and throat specialist, such as New York ENT in order to have your symptoms evaluated and an accurate diagnosis made.

How is adenoid hypertrophy treated?

Adenoid hypertrophy is usually treated with medication, but in severe cases, surgery may be suggested. An adenoidectomy is the surgical procedure commonly used to remove the adenoid when necessary. During this procedure, patients will be under general anesthesia and the adenoids are removed through the mouth. In less than a week, the area should be healed and patients should begin to feel relief from adenoid hypertrophy.

If you are suffering from adenoid problems, the first step towards feeling better is to schedule an evaluation with an experienced ear, nose and throat doctor. Board-certified physicians with New York ENT have extensive experience diagnosing and treating a wide variety of nasal conditions. Fill out the form on this page or call our office at 212-873-6036 to schedule an appointment today.

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