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Nasal Polyps Symptoms & Causes


What are nasal polyps?

A nasal polyp is a tissue growth in the lining of the nose or in the sinuses. If the tissue protrudes into the nasal passage, it can cause a nasal obstruction and impede airflow and necessary nasal functions, such as drainage.

What causes nasal polyps?

Nose polyps are caused by any of the following:

What are the symptoms of nasal polyps?

Signs that may indicate sinus polyps include:

What are the risk factors for nasal polyps?

Family history may play a role in a person’s risk for developing nasal polyps. There also may be a relation between certain genes that affect the immune system and the development of nasal polyps. Additionally, those with nasal conditions, such as allergies or chronic sinusitis may be more likely to develop nasal polyps.

How are nasal polyps diagnosed?

Nasal polyps can be diagnosed by an ear, nose and throat specialist at New York ENT. Doctors will likely examine inside the nasal passage using an otoscope, which is a small magnifying tool that emits a bright light into the nose. In addition, doctors will rely on patients to describe symptoms to them to help them make a correct diagnosis. When doctors need more information about the condition, they may perform any of these tests:

  • Allergy tests
  • MRI or CT scan of the affected area
  • Nasal endoscopy

What is the best treatment for nasal polyps?

Nasal polyps can be treated a couple of ways, either with medication or surgery:

Medical Treatment for Nasal Polyps

The first approach to eliminating nasal polyps is usually medication. Corticosteroids are a type of medication that reduce swelling. This method of treatment can shrink the polyp or completely eliminate it. Corticosteroids are either sprayed into the nose, taken orally or injected. Doctors may also prescribe other medications to ease the effects of the polyps, such as pain killers or antihistamines (if allergies are present)

Surgical Treatment for Nasal Polyps

When medicine does not effectively shrink or eliminate the polyps, a polypectomy may be necessary to remove the nasal polyp.

If you are suffering from nasal polyps, the first step towards feeling better is to schedule an evaluation with an experienced ear, nose and throat doctor. Board certified physicians with New York ENT have extensive experience diagnosing and treating a wide variety of nasal conditions. Fill out the form on this page or call our office at (212) 873-6168 to schedule an appointment today.

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