Enlarged Tonsils & Adenoids
What are tonsils and adenoids?
The tonsils and adenoids are patches of tissue that sit in the back of the throat and nasal passages, respectively. These tissues help to keep your child’s body healthy by trapping harmful bacteria or viruses from entering the body through the mouth or nose.
What causes enlarged tonsils and adenoids in children?
Because their main job is to trap germs, the tonsils and adenoids sometimes temporarily swell. Usually, infections get better on their own, but sometimes the tonsils or adenoids can become infected and remain swollen for a longer period of time. If this happens repeatedly, your doctor may recommend treatment for the condition.
What are the symptoms of enlarged tonsils in children?
Enlarged adenoids or tonsils result in the following symptoms:
- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
- Noisy breathing (stridor)
- Frequent ear infections
- Sinusitis symptoms
- Trouble breathing through the nose or mouth
- Changed voice (talking as if nose is pinched)
When should I take my child to a doctor for enlarged adenoids and tonsils?
If you suspect your child may have enlarged adenoids, it is important to bring your child to an ear, nose and throat specialist to have the condition evaluated. New York ENT doctors are well-versed in tonsil and adenoid diagnosis and treatment. A doctor will examine your child’s ears, nose and throat during a physical examination, as well as feel the neck and jaw for swelling. It may also be necessary to look into the nasal passage with a small tool, or use x-rays to identify the cause of your child’s symptoms.
How are enlarged tonsils and adenoids treated?
Enlarged adenoids are usually treated with conservative options when possible. These may include prescription medication, rest, or nasal steroids to reduce swelling in the adenoids. When other treatment options are unsuccessful, or enlarged tonsils and adenoids are recurring, your doctor may recommend a short surgical procedure to remove the tonsils (tonsillectomy) and/or adenoids (adenoidectomy). Because the adenoids and tonsils often both need to be removed, the two procedures can be done at the same time.
If your child is suffering from enlarged tonsils or adenoids, the first step is to schedule an evaluation with an experienced ear, nose and throat doctor. Board certified physicians with New York ENT have extensive experience diagnosing and treating a wide variety of throat conditions. Fill out the form on this page or call our office at (212) 873-6168 to schedule an appointment today.