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Vertigo (Dizziness) Treatments

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What is vertigo?

Vertigo is a specific type of dizziness that creates a sensation of movement. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and balancing issues. Vertigo can occur for a number of reasons, including:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) (change of position)
  • Viral infection causing inflammation
  • Head injury
  • Ear surgery
  • Meniere’s disease (buildup of fluid in inner ear)
  • Bed rest
  • Low blood flow in the brain
  • Acoustic neuroma (benign growth on inner-ear nerve)
  • Migraine headache
  • Stroke
  • Tumor

What should I do if I am experiencing vertigo?

If you are experiencing vertigo, it is important to consult an ear, nose and throat specialist to determine the cause of the condition. An ENT specialist can conduct hearing tests that may also be beneficial for those suffering from balance issues, including vertigo. ENT doctors can accurately diagnose any conditions that are causing vertigo and can offer treatment options.

What does vertigo treatment involve?

Treatment for vertigo may consist of one or more of the following, depending on your doctor’s recommendation:

  • Epley maneuver – Doctors help the patient perform a series of movements that train the body to quickly recover from vertigo. The procedure can be learned by the patient and done on his/her own. When benign parocysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the cause of vertigo, this can be an effective treatment for dizziness.
  • Prescription medication – Medication can ease the symptoms of vertigo, but will not correct the cause. They may reduce nausea or other problems short-term, but should not be used as a long-term solution.
  • Physical therapy – Doctors may try physical therapy as a method to relieve vertigo in patients. This is done during office visits and will vary depending on the patient’s specific condition.
  • Surgery – When more conservative treatment options are not successful or when the causes of vertigo warrant further action, doctors may recommend surgery. Surgery to correct vertigo involves inserting a bone plug into the inner ear to prevent dizziness from triggering. This surgery is successful in stopping the effects of vertigo in about 90% of patients who undergo the surgery.

If you are suffering from vertigo, the first step towards feeling better is to schedule an evaluation with an experienced ear, nose and throat doctor. Board certified physicians with New York ENT have extensive experience with vertigo and dizziness treatment. Fill out the form on this page or call our office at (212) 873-6168 to schedule an appointment today.

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