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Allergic Reactions Symptoms & Causes

Allergies

What are allergies?

Allergies are the result of an overreaction in the immune system when a person is exposed to certain substances. During an allergic reaction, the body mistakes common, harmless things for germs and attacks them. This causes sneezing, coughing, and watering eyes. Common allergies include:

  • Dust
  • Pollen
  • Cat or dog hair
  • Weeds
  • Molds
  • Peanuts
  • Milk
  • Grass

What are the symptoms of allergies?

Common allergy symptoms include:

  • Sneezing
  • Itchy eyes
  • Itchy skin
  • Rashes
  • Hives
  • Nasal congestion
  • Wheezing
  • Trouble breathing

What are the risk factors for allergies?

Allergies can develop later in life or can gradually fade over time. Cases vary from person to person. However, there are certain risk factors that are associated with allergies, including:

  • Genetics – Having a parent with allergies increases the chance that allergies will be developed at some point
  • Environmental – Living in a region that is highly industrialized can increase the potential for a person to develop allergies

How are allergies diagnosed?

Allergies can be diagnosed at New York ENT by doctors who are experienced in testing for allergies. Allergy tests can include skin or blood tests, depending on the allergy type and the individual. In some cases, a diary or other methods may be needed to determine the allergy.

How are allergies treated?

Once an allergy is diagnosed, patients can be treated in multiple ways, depending on the severity of the allergy. Our advanced New York ENT allergy treatment may include:

  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Eye drops
  • Nasal sprays
  • Allergy shots
  • Prescription medication

If you are suffering from allergies, the first step towards feeling better is to schedule an evaluation with an experienced ear, nose and throat doctor. Board certified physicians with New York ENT have extensive experience diagnosing and treating a wide variety of nasal conditions. Fill out the form on this page or call our office at (212) 873-6036 to schedule an appointment today.

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