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Ear Wax (Cerumen) Causes & Symptoms

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What is conductive hearing loss?

There are two major types of hearing loss:

  • Conductive hearing loss is a condition characterized by the inability to conduct sound waves in the ear canal—the route of the outer ear, eardrum, and middle ear.
  • Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is another common form of hearing loss, which is due to issues with the sensory nerves in the inner ear.

When these two forms of hearing loss occur simultaneously, it is known as mixed hearing loss.

What are the causes of conductive hearing loss?

Conductive hearing loss can result from any of the following conditions:

  • Ear infection
  • Allergies
  • Ear wax
  • Perforated eardrum
  • Ear deformity
  • Cold
  • Fluid buildup
  • Ostosclerosis, which is a condition that is characterized by abnormal growth in the middle ear

What are the symptoms of conductive hearing loss?

Noticeable symptoms of conductive hearing loss may include:

  • Inability to hear
  • Visible infection in the ear
  • Perforation of the ear drum
  • Pain in the ear
  • Built up ear wax in the inner ear
  • Tumor growth in the ear

How is conductive hearing loss diagnosed?

If you notice any of the above symptoms, it is important to consult an ear, nose and throat specialist with New York ENT to accurately diagnose your condition. Doctors will evaluate your current symptoms as well as conduct a physical exam to make an accurate diagnosis. Our ENT specialists include audiologists, who can conduct hearing tests during an office visit. Once conductive hearing loss is determined, doctors will give the patient recommendations for treatment options.

How is conductive hearing loss treated?

Depending on severity of the condition, conductive hearing loss can be treated with any of the following methods:

  • Removal of excess ear wax
  • Ear drops
  • Prescription medication to clear buildup
  • Hearing aid
  • Surgery

If you are suffering from conductive hearing loss, the first step towards feeling better is to schedule an evaluation with an experienced ear, nose and throat doctor. Board certified physicians with New York ENT have extensive experience diagnosing and treating a wide variety of ear-related conditions. Fill out the form on this page or call our office at (212) 873-6168 to schedule an appointment today.

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